sexta-feira, 9 de julho de 2010
A total of 54 Chinese companies are in the Fortune Global 500 companies list by revenue, with three of them in the top 10, chinanews.com.cn reported, citing the newest ranking issued on Thursday.
The three Chinese companies, namely Sinopec, State Grid and China National Petroleum, ranked 7th, 8th and 10th, respectively.
China's private firm Huawei Technologies entered the list for the first time, ranking 397th with $21.8 billion in revenue.
Wal-Mart regained the No 1 spot, with revenue of $408.2 billion, leaving behind oil companies Royal Dutch Shell and Exxon Mobil.
The oil-spilled BP and recall-slapped Toyota didn't seem to be affected by their business troubles, ranking 4th and 5th, respectively.
Legal experts cite the longstanding principle that the federal government has exclusive control over immigration
By David G. Savage, Tribune Washington Bureau
Reporting from Washington —Arizona's law giving local police immigration enforcement powers is likely to be struck down, most legal experts predict, now that the Obama administration has gone to court asserting that it conflicts with federal law.
They cite the longstanding principle that the federal government has exclusive control over immigration and that "no state can add or take away" from the policy set in Washington.
However, they caution that one large uncertainty is that the current Supreme Court has not ruled directly on such a state-federal clash over immigration.
Traditionally, the federal government's view carries extra weight in disputes over immigration.
"It's one thing for MALDEF [Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund] or the ACLU to say this [Arizona law] interferes with federal policy. It is quite a different thing when the federal government goes to court and says it," said Jack Chin, a University of Arizona law professor. "The clear rule has been that states do not have the power to regulate immigration".
Arizona's leaders have said their law does not conflict with federal immigration policy. However, the Justice Department argued that the state exceeded its authority by making it a state crime for an illegal immigrant to apply for a job or to be caught without immigration papers. Such "unlawful presence" is a civil violation, not a federal crime, and thus the state cannot make this immigration violation into a crime, the department contended.
The administration also asserted that the federal policy is to target "dangerous aliens" such as violent criminals, fugitives and gang members, rather than to arrest and deport the millions of illegal immigrants living in this country.
"There is a tension between the federal policy and the state of Arizona," said Washington lawyer Paul Virtue, former general counsel for the Immigration and Naturalization Service, an agency that no longer exists. "The state is setting different priorities and different penalties".
The Constitution authorizes Congress to set a "uniform rule of naturalization" and says the laws of the United States are the "supreme law of the land". The Justice Department cites this basic provision in arguing why the Arizona law should be declared "invalid, null and void".
In one famous case, the Supreme Court in 1941 threw out a Pennsylvania law that required immigrants to carry an "alien identification card." The justices ruled that the state had no such authority.
In recent years, some states and cities have sought to enforce restrictions on illegal immigrants on the basis that the federal government had failed to enforce the existing laws.
Most of those efforts have run aground, however. A federal judge in Los Angeles blocked California's Proposition 187 from taking effect in 1994 on the grounds that it regulated immigration. The state dropped its appeal before the case was decided by an appellate court. Three years ago, a federal judge blocked Hazleton, Pa., from prohibiting illegal immigrants from renting housing.
Some legal experts think the Supreme Court may be ready to reconsider the issue.
"This is an unsettled area of constitutional jurisprudence. The last major pronouncement on the question was against a completely different landscape," said Temple University law professor Peter Spiro. The justices "may be willing to cut [states] some slack in the face of Washington's now persistent failure to deal with immigration reform".
On June 28, the high court announced it will hear a separate Arizona immigration case in the fall. The Arizona Legislature voted to take away the business licenses of employers who continue to knowingly hire illegal workers. To the surprise of many, a federal district court judge and the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals upheld that law, citing a provision in the 1996 law passed by Congress.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce appealed and won the backing of the Obama administration. The court then voted to hear the case.
The current court also may view more favorably the Arizona law giving police more arrest authority.
"It wouldn't surprise me that five members of the court would think that the mere enforcement of immigration law does not change immigration law," said John Eastman, dean of the Chapman University School of Law.
Arizona's lawyers say their law, due to take effect July 29, would not conflict with federal law because it authorizes police during a lawful stop to question a person when there is a "reasonable suspicion" he or she is here illegally.
If a judge blocks the measure from taking effect, the state can immediately appeal to the 9th Circuit Court. The state may also seek a quick appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court if that fails.
JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Africa's growth probably moderated in the second quarter but the recovery is still intact and the economy will grow in 2010 more than the 2.3 percent projected in February, the finance minister said.
"We have seen a gradual improvement in economic conditions. The pace of growth probably moderated somewhat in the second quarter," the Business Day newspaper quoted Pravin Gordhan as saying on Friday.
South Africa's economy grew by 4.6 percent quarter-on- quarter in the first quarter, quickening the pace of a recovery that started in the third quarter of 2009, after the country's first recession since 1992.
Data has shown manufacturing -- a key contributor to GDP -- was slowing partly on concerns about a slowdown in Europe.
Gordhan said the economy was still on course for a recovery and growth in calendar 2010 would likely be more that the 2.3 percent the Treasury forecast in February.
"The recovery in South Africa has been stronger than expected, and we don't see ourselves making major revisions to the forecast at this point," he said.
The Treasury releases its official growth forecasts twice a year in February and October.
At least 45 people have been killed in a suicide bombing in a Pakistani tribal village on the border with Afghanistan, officials said.
At least 90 people were wounded in the explosion in Yakaghund village in the Mohmand tribal region.
The bomber came on a motorbike and blew himself up near the gate of the local administrator's office, witnesses said.
Mohmand is part of Pakistan's lawless tribal belt where Taliban and al-Qaeda are believed to be strong.
The explosion hit a commercial area, destroying vehicles and shops and burying a number of people under the rubble.
The blast damaged the wall of a nearby prison, allowing some prisoners to escape.
Witnesses said a large number of people were waiting outside the administrator's office when the explosion took place.
"It appeared as though the bike lost its balance and was about to fall, and just then there was a huge explosion," a soldier who was on duty at the office said.
Security forces have cordoned off the area and rescue teams are working at the site of the blast.
More than 40 seriously wounded people have been taken to hospitals in Peshawar city while more lightly injured people were treated in a local hospital.
Witnesses said the dead and injured included women and children.
The Mohmand tribal region borders Afghanistan's Kunar province. To the north, it borders Pakistan's Bajaur tribal region.
Over the last three years, Mohmand has witnessed a spillover of militancy from Bajaur.
Local militant groups have emerged to challenge Pakistani authority in the region, the BBC's M Ilyas Khan in Islamabad says.
The military has been largely able to restore its control over all the main towns and countryside in Mohmand and in September last year the commander of local forces in Mohmand said 80% of the area had been cleared of militants.
But the military have apparently not been able to crush them conclusively, our correspondent adds.
There have been frequent militant attacks on security check-points and military convoys in the area since then.
Last month, militants launched a major assault on a border post in Mohmand, forcing many soldiers to flee into Afghanistan.
Most of them were later handed over by Afghan authorities to Pakistan but nearly a dozen soldiers are still missing, believed to have been captured by the Taliban.
In subsequent weeks, military jets have carried out bombings of suspected militant hideouts in the region.
Two planes said to be taking part in an exchange of spies between Russia and the US have landed in Austria's capital, Vienna.
The 10 Russian agents were earlier deported from the US after a court hearing at which they admitted spying for a foreign country.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev pardoned four people convicted of espionage in Russia.
They reportedly submitted a plea for pardon admitting their guilt.
Reports said that a Russian emergencies ministry plane had landed at Vienna airport at about the same time as the Vision Airlines jet from New York.
Television pictures showed the two aircraft parked side-by-side on the runway.
The BBC's Bethany Bell in Vienna says there is no official word on how the swap will take place, but adds that in the past third parties have been used to help with such exchanges.
A senior Russian official was quoted by Agence France-Presse news agency as saying the Russian agents were expected to arrive back in their homeland on Friday
The lawyer for Igor Sutyagin, one of those released by Russia, has confirmed that his client has left Moscow, Austrian media say.'Conspiracy'
The 10 Russian agents earlier pleaded guilty in New York to "conspiracy to act as an unregistered agent of a foreign country". More serious money laundering charges against them were dropped.
Their New York court appearance was the first time they had all appeared in public together since being arrested last month.
Prosecutors said the accused had posed as ordinary citizens, some living together as couples for years, and were ordered by Russia's External Intelligence Service (SVR) to infiltrate policy-making circles and collect information.
BBC Washington correspondent Kevin Connolly says there is broad agreement in the US that the agents are being deported swiftly because neither government wants this to damage attempts to reset their often prickly relationship.
Court documents revealed the real names of five of the Russians involved:
- "Richard Murphy" and "Cynthia Murphy" admitted they were Russian citizens named Vladimir Guryev and Lydia Guryev
- "Donald Howard Heathfield" and "Tracey Lee Ann Foley" admitted they were Russian citizens named Andrey Bezrukov and Elena Vavilova
- "Juan Lazaro" admitted that he was a Russian citizen named Mikhail Vasenkov
"Michael Zottoli" and "Patricia Mills" had admitted earlier they were Russian citizens named Mikhail Kutsik and Natalia Pereverzeva, Anna Chapman and Mikhail Semenko had apparently operated in the US under their own names, while Vicky Pelaez was born in Peru.
An 11th suspect known as "Christopher Metsos" went missing after being released on bail in Cyprus, where he had been arrested.
The Kremlin named the four released in Russia as:
- Igor Sutyagin, a nuclear scientist jailed in 2004 for spying for the CIA
- Sergei Skripal, a Russian military intelligence officer convicted of spying for the UK in 2006
- Alexander Zaporozhsky, a former employee of Russia's foreign intelligence service jailed for espionage in 2003
- Gennadiy Vasilenko, reportedly a former KGB agent
The US state department said after the hearing that there would be "no significant national security benefit" in sentencing the 10 to lengthy jail terms.
"The network of unlawful agents operating inside the United States has been dismantled," spokesman Mark Toner said.
"The United States took advantage of the opportunity presented to secure the release of four individuals serving lengthy prison terms in Russia, several of whom were in poor health".
The lawyer for Anna Chapman played down the importance of the Russian group's espionage in the US.
Robert Baum told Associated Press: "None of the people involved from my understanding provided any information that couldn't be obtained on the internet".
A lawyer for Vicky Pelaez, John Rodriguez, said a Russian official had told his client she would receive $2,000 a month for life and free housing in Moscow, but added she would be allowed to leave Russia if she wanted to. Mr Rodriguez indicated Ms Pelaez would return to Peru.
The Russian foreign ministry issued a statement saying that the exchange by Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service and the US Central Intelligence Agency was being conducted in the context of "overall improvement of the US-Russian ties and giving them new dynamics".
One of the Russian prisoners pardoned by Moscow, nuclear specialist Igor Sutyagin, was earlier transferred to Moscow from a prison near the Arctic Circle.
He reportedly told his family in Moscow that he would be flown to Vienna and released as part of a deal between the US and Russian governments.