segunda-feira, 6 de setembro de 2010
Climate change is not responsible for civil wars in Africa, a study suggests.
It challenges previous assumptions that environmental disasters, such as drought and prolonged heat waves, had played a part in triggering unrest.
Instead, it says, traditional factors - such as poverty and social tensions - were often the main factors behind the outbreak of conflicts.
The findings have been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) in the United States.
"Climate variability in Africa does not seem to have a significant impact on the risk of civil war," said author Halvard Buhaug, senior researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo's (Prio) Centre for the Study of Civil War.
"If you apply a number of different definitions of conflict and various different ways to measure climate variability, most of these measurements will turn out not to be associated with each other.
He added that it was not too hard to find examples of where politicians were publicly making the link between the projected impact of climate change and the associated security risks.
Margaret Beckett, when she held the post of British Foreign Secretary, tabled a debate on climate change at the UN Security Council in 2007.
Ahead of the gathering, the British delegation circulated a document that warned of "major changes to the world's physical landmass during this century", which would trigger border and maritime disputes.
In his paper, Dr Buhaug questioned the findings of research that appeared in PNAS in November last year.
The 2009 paper suggested that climate had been a major driver of armed conflict in Africa, and that future warming was likely to increase the number of deaths from war.
US researchers found that across the continent, conflict was about 50% more likely in unusually warm years.
NEW YORK, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Brian Roberts lined a run-scoring hit in the seventh inning Monday, handing the Baltimore Orioles a 4-3 victory over the New York Yankees.
Corey Patterson led off the frame with a single off Yankees starter A.J. Burnett (10-13) and went to second on a sacrifice bunt by Cesar Izturis. Roberts then socked a clean single to right, easily scoring Patterson with the go-ahead run.
Roberts ended the game 3-for-5 with two RBI and Matt Wieters contributed an RBI and walked twice for the Orioles, who took the first of three games at Yankee Stadium.
Brian Matusz (8-12) surrendered three runs on five hits with a pair of walks and four strikeouts over six innings.
Koji Uehara pitched a 1-2-3 ninth to earn his seventh save for the O's.
MIAMI, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Tropical Storm Hermine, about 100 miles south-southeast of Brownsville, Texas, at 5 p.m. EDT Monday should make landfall late that night, U.S. forecasters said.
The National Hurricane Center said the storm, packing maximum sustained winds of 60 mph, would hit land in northeastern Mexico or extreme south Texas. Hermine was traveling north-northwest at 15 mph, and should move into inland Texas Tuesday, the center said.
Isolated tornadoes were possible along the lower and middle Texas coast beginning Monday evening and lasting overnight.
Tropical storm force winds extended outward up to 105 miles from the storm's center, U.S. forecasters said.
A storm surge was expected to raise water levels by as much as 2 to 4 feet above ground level along the immediate coast.
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Neil Walker bashed a two-run homer in the sixth inning Monday and the Pittsburgh Pirates went on to defeat the struggling Atlanta Braves 3-1.
Jose Tabata also drove in a run for Pittsburgh, which handed the first-place Braves their fourth loss in five games in the first of a three-game series at PNC Park.
Brian Burres (3-3) made an emergency start in place of Jeff Karstens and delivered six solid innings, allowing only one run on five hits, striking out three and issuing no walks in his first start since May 29.
Joel Hanrahan picked up his fourth save of the season with a scoreless ninth.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Rookie Danny Espinosa belted a grand slam and added a solo shot Monday in the Washington Nationals' 13-3 rout of the New York Mets.
Espinosa, who joined the team Sept. 1 and was playing in only his fifth major league game, finished the day 4-for-5 with six RBI.
Ivan Rodriguez drove in three runs and Roger Bernadina scored three times in the Nationals' third straight victory.
Scott Olsen (4-8) pitched four innings of hitless ball in relief of starter Jordan Zimmermann to collect the victory.
Mike Pelfrey (13-9) absorbed the loss for New York, which has dropped six of eight. He yielded six runs on five hits with three walks over 3 2/3 innings.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Adalberto Mendez tossed six shutout innings in his major league debut Monday and Florida downed Philadelphia 7-1 in the first game of a doubleheader.
Veteran minor leaguer Mendez (1-0) made his bow after eight seasons in the Cubs' and Marlins' systems.
He yielded just one hit and two walks, striking out six before leaving the game with a strained right quad.
Mike Stanton broke out of a 3-for-45 slump to go 3-for-5 with a two-run homer and Dan Uggla contributed three hits, three RBI and a run scored for the victors.
The Phillies also went with a pitcher making his first career start. Vance Worley (0-1) allowed two runs on six hits over five innings.
DETROIT, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- A.J. Pierzynski lofted an RBI single in the 10th inning Monday and the Chicago White Sox won their seventh straight game, 5-4 over Detroit.
Manny Ramiriez led off the 10th with a single off Jose Valverde (2-4) and advanced to second when left fielder Ryan Raburn bobbled the ball. Alejandro De Aza came in to run for Ramirez and went to third on Alex Rios' single.
Pierzynski then hit a jam shot to left -- his third RBI of the game -- allowing De Aza to score the go-ahead run.
Chris Sale (1-1) made the lead hold up with a 1-2-3 bottom of the 10th and the Chisox won again, keeping the heat on the Minnesota Twins in the American League Central. Second-place Chicago entered the contest trailing the Twins by 3 1/2 games.
TORONTO, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Vernon Wells, Aaron Hill and Yunel Escobar all homered Monday, powering the Toronto Blue Jays to a 7-2 victory over Texas.
Wells connected for a three-run homer, Aaron Hill clubbed a two-run shot and Escobar added a bases-empty blast to stake Toronto to a victory in the opener of a four-game series at Rogers Centre.
Ricky Romero (12-8) picked up the win, yielding one run on seven hits with two walks and two strikeouts through seven innings.
The Rangers' Tommy Hunter (12-3) was lit up for seven runs on seven hits in an emergency start in place of Cliff Lee, whose originally scheduled appearance was first pushed back until Tuesday and then scratched due to an ailing back.
White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs made history when he became the first White house spokesman to use Twitter, and now he can add another milestone: first ever press secretary participating in an unofficial Twitter debate.
Gibbs duked it out late last week in a little reported Twitter back and forth with Weekly Standard senior writer Stephen Hayes. The two debated the small business aid bill gummed up in the Senate, with Hayes posting more than 30 tweets on the topic, and Gibbs about a dozen. The White House press secretary also seemed to like the experience, Gibbs tweeted that he "enjoyed" the "civil" debate.
It was an unusual way for the White House to start off its jobs-themed Labor Day weekend, with the August jobs numbers released on Friday and the President traveling to Wisconsin to talk small business on Monday. Gibbs typically uses Twitter to send out updates or articles, but rarely engages in a lengthier exchange with a single person.
"I think if the press secretary of the United States is engaging in a Twitter battle with a conservative pundit, there's no way the press secretary can win," PoliticsDaily.com columnist Matt Lewis told Fox. "I think it's probably a los[ing] forum, but it is quite interesting. It's a sign of the times".
But Richard Socarides, former special assistant to Bill Clinton, says it's good for the White House to adapt to the times. At the beginning of Clinton's first term, "E-mail was new at the White House and the notion that people sat in front of their computers all day, and answered their emails right away, was pretty revolutionary, so I think it's great, I mean this is the way we're talking to each other".
Hayes, a Fox News contributor, sparked the showdown by tweeting, "So @PressSec if raising taxes in a recession wld ‘put businesses further in a hole' what would raising taxes in a stymied recovery do?" He continued, "Come on @PressSec, I answered your questions. Answer just one of mine".
Gibbs responded to Hayes within a few minutes and the debate lasted until Friday morning.
He said he wanted to become famous for his political achievements. But yesterday a Tory MP was thrown into the spotlight for a very different reason – after his wife of seven years was exposed as a £70-an-hour prostitute.
Mike Weatherley, 53, was one of the new wave of MPs who came to power with Prime Minister David Cameron earlier this year.
The father-of-three took his blonde wife to functions in the run-up to the General Election, and just two months ago she was photographed visiting the Houses of Parliament.
But it was revealed by a Sunday newspaper that 39-year-old Carla has also been busy plying her trade in three different 'massage parlours', under the names Bea, Adriana and Bianca.
The lorry driver's daughter, who is alleged to have worked as a prostitute in her native Brazil before marrying Mr Weatherley, was caught on camera performing a sexy striptease in pink and black polka dot underwear for an undercover reporter.
She said she worked in three brothels and charged £70 an hour for sex. 'I like it here, nice clients, nice people, nice place and good money,' she told the Sunday Mirror.
The shocking revelation is bound to prove an embarrassment to Mr Cameron, who is pictured smiling at Mr Weatherley's side on the MP's personal website.
The couple are understood to have met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, while business executive Mr Weatherley was on a work trip.
They married in Brighton in 2003. It was the MP's second marriage and, at the time, the new Mrs Weatherley's occupation was listed as 'housewife'.
She is reported to have gone home to Brazil in 2007, returning two years later when her husband asked her to assist him ahead of his election campaign.
But that was a decision Mr Weatherley may have been regretting yesterday. The MP, who insists that he has been separated from his wife since February this year, wept when approached at his home in Brighton yesterday.
He said he had no idea that Mrs Weatherley had been selling her body, but claimed they had remained good friends since their separation.
'I am still very shocked by the news and am trying to come to terms with it,' he said. 'I do have proof that we have been separated since February which I can show if needed'.
HOUSTON, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- The Houston Texans have signed quarterback Matt Leinart two days after he was cut by the Arizona Cardinals, the signal-caller's agent said Monday.
Agent Tom Condon told The Houston Chronicle that Leinart has inked a 1-year contract with the Texans after the 27-year-old was let go by the Cardinals, for whom he had played his entire career.
Leinart had been expected to inherit the Cardinals' role following the retirement of Kurt Warner, but the defending NFC West champs instead opted for former Cleveland Browns quarterback Derek Anderson and released Leinart, a former Heisman Trophy winner at Southern California.
ALBERTVILLE, Ala., Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Officials at an Alabama school said one kindergarten class contains five sets of twins -- all boys.
The officials at Big Spring Lake Elementary School in Albertville said the occasion certainly marked the first time this many sets of male twins have been in the same class, WAFF-TV, Huntsvlle, Ala., reported Monday.
Some of the twins are identical while others are fraternal.
"We're different. We don't have the same face," fraternal twins Austin and Jacob Moffatt explained.
Prime minister speaks at special service honouring those killed in battle in 2010
For just the second year running, Denmark’s National Flag Day was celebrated at Christiansborg Palace Square on Sunday to honour the country’s military personnel sent abroad.
Around 1,200 members of the military participated in the day’s parade, with songs from the Royal Life Guard Music Corps accompanying the hundreds in attendance. According to Berlingske Tidende newspaper, festivities went on until nearly midnight.
Prior to the celebration, however, a remembrance service was held at nearby Holmens Church in honour of the 11 soldiers killed so far this year in Afghanistan.
Family members of the fallen soldiers were joined by several representatives of the royal family, parliament and the prime minister, Lars Løkke Rasmussen.
In the packed church, Rasmussen called the day a chance ‘for the affected people to unconditionally meet face-to-face to reflect on and remember’ the men and women who gave their lives in the service of their country.
The Copenhagen Post
CALGARY, Alberta, Sept. 6 (UPI) -- Canada Post said it plans to resume mail delivery to about 150 homes, suspended due to an aggressive family of hawks.
Officials said delivery to the Bayview neighborhood of Calgary, Alberta, was suspended Aug. 26 after a mail carrier was repeatedly nose-dived by one of the birds, the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. reported Monday.
Adrean Wolvers, a spokesman for Canada Post, said the hawk eventually broke the mail carrier's bicycle helmet.
Wolvers said mail service will resume as soon as possible.