Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez arrived in Moscow on Thursday for talks with his Russian counterpart Dmitry Medvedev.
He is currently dining with Medvedev in the Russian president's residence in Gorki just outside Moscow.
The two leaders, along with delegations from each of their countries, will take part in high-level talks in the Kremlin on Friday to discuss pressing bilateral issues.
Chavez's visit is part of his international tour, which also includes Belarus, Ukraine and Iran.
He last visited Russia in September 2009, when he announced that Venezuela had followed Moscow in recognizing the former Georgian republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.