sexta-feira, 15 de outubro de 2010
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez will meet with his Belarusian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko in Minks on Saturday to discuss trade and economic relations between the two countries.
Chavez will fly to the Belarusian capital from Moscow as part of his international tour, which also includes Ukraine and Iran.
Cooperation between Belarus and Venezuela has increased over the past few years. During a meeting in Caracas in March, Lukashenko and Chavez signed an agreement on the supply of up to 80,000 barrels of crude oil per day to Belarus.
Belarus is involved in the exploration of oil deposits in the Latin American country. Since December 2007, Belarusian companies have extracted a total of 1.5 million tonnes of oil from Venezuelan deposits, with revenues exceeding $100 million. The country is planning to increase oil extraction in Venezuela to up to 1 million tonnes per year starting 2010.
Belarus also intends to launch oil extraction in the Junin 1 block in Venezuela's vast Orinoco heavy crude belt.
Besides oil projects, the two countries cooperate in the gas, housing construction, machinery, agricultural, and scientific spheres.
Russian defense firm Oboronprom is to use Israeli components to assemble unmanned aerial vehicles, primarily intended for civilian customers, at a helicopter plant in Tatarstan.
The Russian military first showed an interest in buying Israeli-made UAVs back in 2008, after admiring their performance during the five-day war between Russia and Georgia over South Ossetia. In April 2009, Russia signed a $53 million contract for 12 Bird-Eye 400, I-View MK150 and Searcher Mark II UAVs.
The Russian Defense Ministry later bought another 36 Israeli UAVs for $100 million and announced the planned purchase of 15 more UAVs in April 2010.
In early 2010 it was reported that the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) was also planning to buy Israeli UAVs. Unlike the Russian army, which was in talks with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), the FSB was interested in UAVs made by the company Aeronautics.
The Russian law-enforcement and security agencies' explanation of their interest in Israeli UAVs as being down to the lack of competitive Russian-made equivalents provoked an outcry among Russian UAV producers. They accused the Defense Ministry of lobbying for the interests of foreign producers.
The reality is, of course, more complicated. Recently, after spending over 5 billion rubles ($165 million) on work in this area, the Defense Ministry carried out trials of Russia's best UAVs. The results were disappointing: not a single UAV satisfied the defense ministry's specifications.
Russia's oil giant Rosneft will buy 50 percent of Germany's Ruhr Oel from Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA, an agreement signed by Rosneft and PDVSA on Friday said.
"The volume of the deal will amount to $1.6 billion, excluding PDVSA raw material reserves and accounts receivable, which will be valued when the deal is closed," Rosneft said in a statement.
PDVSA owns Ruhr Oel GmbH, which, together with BP, owns between 24 and 100 percent of the German Gelsenkirchen, Bayern-oil, Miro and Schwedt oil refineries.
The total oil processing volume of the refineries amounts to 50 million tons, or 20 percent of all German refining capacities.
The acquisition will increase Rosneft's refining capacity by 11.6 million tons per year.
"This transaction is consistent with our strategy of expanding our presence through high quality assets in key international markets," Rosneft President Eduard Khudainatov said in a statement.
The fuel pipeline to Paris's main airports has been shut off amid strikes over government pension reforms.
The company that operates the pipeline told French media that the capital's main airport, Charles de Gaulle, could run out of fuel as early as next week.
There are fears of fuel shortages as all of France's 12 oil refineries have been hit by strikes, and many oil depots remain blockaded.
Unions are opposed to government plans to raise the retirement age.
Trapil, the firm that operates the pipeline to Paris's airports, said supplies had been cut off on Friday.
A company spokesman told AFP news agency: "Orly airport has stocks for 17 days, and Roissy [Charles de Gaulle] for at least the weekend".
The pipeline is supplied by the Total refinery at Grandpuits, in Seine-et-Marne, which is in the process of stopping production because of the strikes.
A spokesman for Aeroports de Paris, the authority that operates both airports, told Reuters news agency it was "not at all worried about stocks" - but did not say how long these would last.
The US says it is investigating claims China has broken trade agreements by giving billions of dollars in subsidies to its own green energy sector.
The inquiry follows complaints by US steel workers that China had violated World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules in a bid to dominate the global market.
US Trade Representative Ron Kirk said the US hoped to ensure "a level playing field" for US manufacturers.
He pledged to pursue the case through the WTO if the claims are verified.
President Barack Obama has identified green technology development and production as a way to revive the moribund US manufacturing sector and create new jobs.
"Green technology will be an engine for the jobs of the future, and this administration is committed to ensuring a level playing field for American workers, businesses and green technology entrepreneurs," said Mr Kirk said in a statement announcing the investigation.
In a 5,800-page petition to the office of the trade representative, the United Steelworkers union last month accused Beijing of using subsidies, discrimination against import goods and other economic mechanisms to bolster domestic producers of advanced batteries, wind and solar energy products, clean-energy vehicles and other products.
The new trade dispute comes amid concerns in the US that China, the largest holder of US government debt, has illegally manipulated its currency to bolster exports, thereby harming US manufacturers and driving up the US trade deficit with China.
The US Treasury Department is weighing whether formally to brand China a "currency manipulator", a move that could heighten tensions between the two governments.