sábado, 23 de outubro de 2010
The elegant writing style of novelist Jane Austen may have been the work of her editor, an academic has claimed.
Professor Kathryn Sutherland of Oxford University reached her conclusion while studying 1,100 original handwritten pages of Austen's unpublished writings.
The manuscripts, she states, feature blots, crossing outs and "a powerful counter-grammatical way of writing".
She adds: "The polished punctuation and epigrammatic style we see in Emma and Persuasion is simply not there".
Professor Sutherland of the Faculty of English Language and Literature claims her findings refute the notion of Austen as "a perfect stylist".
It suggests, she continues, that someone else was "heavily involved" in the editing process.
She believes that person to be William Gifford, an editor who worked for Austen's publisher John Murray II.
The opposition Social Democrats have won control of the Czech senate in mid-term elections, allowing them to slow government plans to cut spending.
Voters were choosing 27 of the 81-seat chamber and the left-wing Social Democrats now have 41 seats.
The gains could allow them to block the ruling right-wing Civic Democrats' plan to send more troops to Afghanistan.
The Social Democrats' leader said their goal was to make the government's reforms "socially more tolerable".
The Civic Democrats formed a coalition government after May's parliamentary elections and now proposes to cut government spending to reduce the country's budget deficit.
The plans, including a 10% cut in the wages of public sector workers, provoked a large protest in Prague last month.
"We are ready to discuss future reforms with the cabinet," said the Social Democrats' acting chairman Bohuslav Sobotka.
"The goal is to make them fair, balanced, socially more tolerable," he said.
Prime Minister Petr Necas said the election result would slow legislation but he was willing to work with the Social Democrats.
Iraq's prime minister has criticised the timing of the release by Wikileaks of almost 400,000 secret US military documents about the conflict there.
Nouri Maliki's office accused it of trying to sabotage his bid to form a new government by stoking up anger "against national parties and leaders, especially the prime minister".
Mr Maliki is struggling to keep his job after inconclusive elections in March.
Wikileaks said the disclosure was aimed at revealing the truth about the war.
Its founder, Julian Assange, said the records showed there had been "a bloodbath on every corner" and provided evidence of war crimes.
"We hope to correct some of that attack on the truth that occurred before the war, during the war and which has continued on since the war officially concluded," he told a news conference in London.
But the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm Mike Mullen, strongly condemned the disclosure of classified information.
In a posting on Twitter, he called Wikileaks "irresponsible" and said the website puts "lives at risk and gives adversaries valuable information".
A number of people are feared dead after a helicopter crash in the Mourne Mountains in County Down on Saturday afternoon.
It is not known how many people were on board but local MLA Jim Wells said he believed that several had been killed.
He added that it happened in an area known locally as Leitrim Lodge between Hilltown and Rostrevor.
The aircraft is believed to have left St Angelo Airport in Enniskillen earlier on Saturday.
It is understood to be a medium-sized Agusta helicopter capable or carrying up to eight people.
Eyewitnesses first reported an aircraft in distress in the Mournes at about 1600 BST.
Police are leading the operation assisted by the Mourne Mountain Rescue Team, the Fire and Rescue Service and the Ambulance Service.
Keiron Tourish, reporting for the BBC from the scene, said a picnic area at Leitrim Lodge had been cordoned off.
A police spokesperson said that the Air Accidents Investigation Branch had been informed.
Representatives of rival Palestinian parties Hamas and Fatah will hold a meeting next week expected to become a final step towards a long-awaited reconciliation, the Maan news agency reported.
The talks were to take place in the Syrian capital of Damascus on Wednesday, but were cancelled after Fatah, which controls the West Bank, proposed to hold the meeting in another location, accusing Syria of "humiliating" the party at a recent Arab League summit in Libya.
Hamas leader Salah Al-Bardawil was quoted by the news agency as saying that the place of the meeting would be agreed upon later and that Damascus could still be an option.
Al-Bardawil called on the rival party not to "project their political program on Hamas," but said their program could "come closer" if Fatah agreed not to recognize the Israeli "occupation," and establish a Palestinian state on 1967 borders "while preserving our right in all of Palestine," Maan said.
Senior Fatah official Azzam Al-Ahmad was quoted as saying that the next meeting, expected to focus on the outstanding security issue, would be "decisive and final." Following the talks, a date will be set for the ratification of the Egypt-backed reconciliation agreement between Hamas and Fatah, he said.
The two largest Palestinian factions split in June 2007, about 18 months after Hamas won Palestinian parliamentary elections in 2006. In the ensuing armed clashes between the two parties, Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip and pushed the ruling Fatah movement out of the enclave.