terça-feira, 5 de outubro de 2010
UN peacekeepers and the army in DR Congo have arrested a rebel leader suspected of leading attacks involving the mass rape of hundreds of civilians.
The UN said Lt Col Mayele of the Mai Mai Cheka rebel group,was captured in a joint operation in North Kivu province.
Between 300 and 500 people are thought to have been raped during violence in eastern DR Congo in July and August.
Peacekeepers were criticised for failing to stop the attacks, some of which took place close to a UN base.
A UN spokesman said the rebel leader, a commander in the Mai Mai Cheka militia, was arrested in the Walikale region of North Kivu and was being transferred to the Congolese army.
The BBC's Thomas Fessy, in Kinshasa, says there are suggestions he may have been handed over by other members of the militia.
The arrest was carried out while the UN's representative on sexual violence, Margot Wallstrom, was in the country to visit some of the victims of the attack. She welcomed it as "a victory for justice".
"Let his apprehension be a signal to all perpetrators of sexual violence that impunity for these types of crimes is not accepted and that justice will prevail," she said.
A preliminary UN report into the attacks in July and August has found that at least 303 men, women and children were raped around Luvungi, in the Walikale region, some repeatedly, over a period of four days by around 200 armed rebels.
Another 214 unconfirmed cases of rape are under investigation in other areas of eastern DR Congo, according to the UN.
More than 1,000 homes and businesses were also looted and 166 people abducted for forced labour, says the report.
Victims interviewed said they believed the purpose of the attacks was to intimidate local people seen by the rebels as government supporters
The UN mission in DR Congo (Monusco) has admitted it did not do enough to prevent the attacks, which took place only a few miles from a peacekeeping base.
A Brazilian clown has had the last laugh by winning a seat in Congress with more votes than any other candidate in Sunday's elections.
Tiririca, or Francisco Oliveira Silva to give him his real name, was elected as a federal deputy for Sao Paulo with more than 1.3 million votes.
Tiririca, or "Grumpy", had slogans such as: "It can't get any worse".
Another celebrity winner was ex-footballer Romario, elected federal deputy for Rio de Janeiro.
Tiririca won 1,353,355 votes - well ahead of the next best-supported politician, former Rio state governor Antony Garotinho, who took more than 694,000 votes to be elected a federal deputy for the state.
Joining them in Brasilia will be Romario, the striker who helped Brazil win the 1994 World Cup. Fellow footballer and 1994 team-mate Bebeto was elected state deputy for Rio.
But the main sensation of the election campaign was Tiririca, who ran humorous campaign adverts on YouTube that attracted millions of hits.
"What does a federal deputy do? Truly, I don't know. But vote for me and I will find out for you," was one of his messages.
NEW YORK, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Ozzy Osbourne has recorded a cover of his fellow British recording artist John Lennon's song "How?" to raise money for Amnesty International.
Available exclusively as a digital download on iTunes, the song is being released with the cooperation of the late Lennon's wife Yoko Ono. All U.S. proceeds are intended to benefit the human-rights organization.
The song became available Tuesday, just four days before what would have been Lennon's 70th birthday -- Oct. 9. The accompanying music video was filmed on New York streets and at the Lennon Memorial in Central Park. It premiered exclusively on AOL's PopEater.com.
"Lennon was a driving force for humanity," said Osbourne, who cites Lennon and the Beatles as his inspiration for becoming a musician.
"This year, the whole world is celebrating the 70th anniversary of John's birth," Ono added. "His spirit and influence is stronger than ever".
"Yoko and John Lennon were devoted to seeking a better world and used the power of their artistry to work toward that goal," noted Amnesty International USA's Executive Director Larry Cox. "Ozzy Osbourne's gift, with Sharon Osbourne's strong and generous support, makes the same powerful statement today -- that individuals can make a difference when they join with others who share a commitment to justice and freedom".
Lennon was shot and killed outside his apartment in New York City in 1980. He was 40.
Emergency services in Hungary are trying to stop a torrent of toxic red sludge flowing into major waterways, including the River Danube.
A state of emergency has been declared in three western counties after the chemical waste burst from a reservoir at an alumina plant.
So far at least four people have died and 120 injured. Six more are missing.
At least seven villages and towns are affected including Devecser, where the torrent stood 2m (6.5ft) deep.
The flood swept cars from roads and damaged bridges and houses, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of residents.
The sludge - a mixture of water and mining waste containing heavy metals - is considered hazardous according to Hungary's National Directorate General for Disaster Management (NDGDM).
While the cause of the deaths has not been established officially, it is believed the victims probably drowned.
Some 600,000-700,000 cubic metres (21m-24m cubic feet) of sludge escaped from the plant, 160km (100 miles) from the capital, Budapest.
With 7,000 people affected directly by the disaster, a state of emergency was declared in the county of Veszprem where the spill occurred, and Gyor-Moson-Sopron and Vas, where the sludge appeared to be heading.
At least 390 residents have been relocated and 110 rescued from flooded areas, the NDGDM said.
NEW YORK, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Stock markets surged Tuesday on Wall Street after the Bank of Japan trimmed its lending rate and a report showed non-manufacturing business activity rising.
The central bank in Japan lowered its bank-to-bank lending rate from 0.1 percent to zero to 0.1 percent, sending markets higher in Japan, China and Europe. Meanwhile, from Tempe, Ariz., the Institute of Supply Management said the Purchasing Managers Index for service-oriented businesses rose to 53.2 in September from 51.5 in August. Numbers above 50 in the index indicates growth.
In early afternoon trading in New York, the Dow Jones industrial average added 183.04 points or 1.7 percent to 10,934.31. The Standard & Poor's 500 index rose 22.39 or 1.97 percent to 1,159.42. The Nasdaq composite index of tech-dominated stock gained 51.16 or 2.18 percent to 2,395.68.
The benchmark 10-year Treasury note rose 3/32 to yield 2.47 percent.
The euro rose to $1.3837 from Monday's $1.3689. Against the yen, the dollar fell to 83.265 yen from Monday's 83.42 yen.
In Tokyo, the Nikkei 225 index added 1.47 percent, 137.70 points, to 9,518.76.
In London, the FTSE 100 index added 1.44 percent, 79.79, to 5,635.76.
HOUSTON, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- A Texas dentist is being sued by parents who claim their young son swallowed a piece of dental equipment during an exam.
Juhlia Nelson and Shayne Nelson claim in their Sept. 30 Harris County District Court lawsuit against Dr. Gloria Phillips that their son, Kayne Nelson, swallowed a piece of a dental instrument when there was an equipment failure during his exam, the Houston Chronicle reported Tuesday.
The age of the boy and the nature of his injuries from the incident were unclear Tuesday.
The lawsuit is seeking unspecified monetary damages.
PLANO, Texas, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Texas-based snack company Frito-Lay said it is getting rid of its 100 percent compostable SunChips bags after customer complaints about the loud packaging.
Officials with the Plano company said the chips will be returned to their previous, non-recyclable bags while developers work to make the eco-friendly packaging less noisy, USA Today reported Tuesday.
"Clearly, we'd received consumer feedback that it was noisy," Frito-Lay spokeswoman Aurora Gonzalez said. "We recognized from the beginning that the bag felt, looked and sounded different".
Gonzalez, who said the Original flavor chips will still feature the eco-friendly packaging, said the company will continue trying to develop environmentally safe chip bags without the extra noise.
"We are on a journey with compostable packaging," Gonzalez said.
PARIS, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- A French court Tuesday ordered rogue Societe Generale trader Jerome Kerviel to spend a minimum of three years in prison and pay back the bank $6.7 billion.
Kerviel was given a five-year prison sentence, but two of the five years were suspended. He was also ordered to find another line of work, The New York Times reported.
Societe Generale spokeswoman Caroline Guillaumin said, "It is important and we are satisfied," that the trader who lost billions in unauthorized trades in 2008 was ordered to pay restitution for his mistakes. "It recognized that the entirety of the bank's losses are attributed to Jerome Kerviel's actions," she said.
Kerviel's attorney Olivier Metzner called the sentence "totally unreasonable" for the same reason -- that it exonerated the bank where supervisors or fail-safe procedures could have stopped the trading sooner than it did.
The sentence "suggests that the bank is not responsible for anything," he said, "that no system of control could have prevented this".
PHOENIX, Oct. 5 (UPI) -- A federal judge in Arizona has ruled wiretaps used during the investigation of Dennis and Daniel Mahon for a 2004 mail bombing are admissible as evidence.
U.S. District Judge David Campbell ruled Sept. 27 that attorneys for the twin brothers did not demonstrate that the wiretaps were unnecessary, The Arizona Republic reported Tuesday.
The 60-year-old Mahon brothers, White supremacists with ties to a neo-Nazi organization, are to stand trial next year in the 2004 bombing of Scottsdale's diversity office, in which three employees were seriously injured.
"The wiretap was sought primarily to record communications between Dennis Mahon and his brother, Daniel, and other target subjects because of the long-standing relationships and trust these individuals have in each other. The affidavit explains why other investigative techniques would not capture those communications or the information contained therein," Campbell wrote.
SPARTANBURG, S.C., Oct. 5 (UPI) -- U.S. Senator Jim DeMint, R-S.C., defended his comment that gays and unwed mothers should be banned as teachers, saying school boards should control hiring.
DeMint said at a church rally in Spartanburg, S.C., that people privately told him he should not back down on his position, CNN reported.
"Senator DeMint believes that hiring decisions at local schools are a local school board issue, not a federal issue. He was making a point about how the media attacks people for holding a moral opinion," a DeMint spokesman said Tuesday.
"(When I said those things,) no one came to my defense. But everyone would come to me and whisper that I shouldn't back down. They don't want government purging their rights and their freedom to religion," DeMint said, the Spartanburg Herald-Journal reported.
"Jim DeMint's comments can only be described as outrageous and bizarre. The idea that someone who says he believes in limited government would support the government weeding out gay teachers and unmarried sexually active female teachers simply defies logic," said Christopher R. Barron, Chairman of the Board of GOProud, an organization that represents conservative gays and others of non-traditional sexual orientation.